Discoloration of contaminated water by an industrial dye: Methylene Blue, by two Algerian bentonites, thermally activated

I. Feddal, Z. Taleb, A. Ramdani, H. Herbache, S. Taleb


Abstract: In this work, we proceeded to a cationic dye removal of the textile industry wastewater discharge: methylene blue (MB) by adsorption on two types of local clays, type Montmorillonite sodium (AS) and calcium (AC) activated thermally at 300°C. Several parameters influencing MB adsorption process such as: (i) adsorbent-adsorbate contact time, (ii) clay mass, (iii) pH of the medium, (iv), initial dye concentration (v) and the temperature. The results obtained show that the maximum adsorption is achieved with a percentage of f discoloration of 99.49% and 98.51% and with an adsorption capacity of 450 mg/g and 240 mg/g for AC-300 °C and AS-300 °C, respectively. The acidity and basicity of the medium considerably affect the adsorption of this dye. The results deduced from the isotherm adsorption data show that the retention of methylene blue dye follows perfectly the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic parameters indicate that adsorption is endothermic, spontaneous and physical type.

Full Text:



Joseph, k.L.; Suja, H.; Sanjay, G.; Sugunan, S.; Nampoori, V.P.N.; Radhakrishanan, P. Thermal characterization of methylene blue intercataledmontmorillonite by photocoustic technique. Journal of Applied Clay Science 42 (2009) 483-487.

Parolo, M.E.; Savini, M.C.; Vallès, J.M. ; Baschini, M.T.; Avena, M.J. Tetracycline adsorption on montmorillonite : pH and ionic strength effect. Journal of Applied Clay Science 40 (2008) 179-186.

Hedi, B.M.; Boughzala O.; Dorra, D.; Daniel, B.; Leila, C.G.; Ridha, M. Textiles dyes as a source of wastewater contamination: screening of the toxicity and treatment methods. Journal of Water Science 24 (2011) 209-238.

Chun, H.; Wang, Y.; Tang, H. Preparation and characterization of surface bond-conjugated TiO2/SiO2 and photocatalytic of azo dyes. Journal of Applied Catalyst B environmental 30 (2001) 277-285.

Kacha, S.; Ouali, M.S.; Elmalah, S. Dye abatement of textile industry wastewater with bentonite and aluminium salts. Journal of Water Science 2 (1997) 233-248.

Shin, H.S.; Lee, J.K. Performance evaluation of electrocoagulation and electrodewatering system for reduction of water content in sewage sludge. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 23 (2006) 188-193.

Rajabi, M.; Mirza, B.; Mahanpoor, K.; Najafi, F.; Moradi, O.; Sadegh, H.R.; Shahryari-Ghoshekand, R.; Asif, M.; Tyagi, I.; Agarwal, S.; Gupta, V.K. Adsorption of malachite green from aqueous solution by carboxylate 3 group functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes : Determination 4 of equilibrium and kinetics parameters. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 34 (2016) 130-138.

Alian, X.; Shouyong, Z.; Yijiang, Z.; Xiaoping, L.; Pingfin, H. Adsorption of reactive dyes from aqueous solution by silylatedpalygorskite. Journal of Applied Clay Science 48 (2010) 638-640.

Ahmed, A.A.; Hameed, B.H. Fixed bed adsorption of reactive azo dye onto granular activated carbon prepared from waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials 175 (2010) 298-303.

Baghdadi, M.; Soltani, B.A. ;Nourani, M. Malachite green removal from aqueous solutions using fibrous cellulose sulfate prepared from medical cotton waste: comprehensive batch and column studies . Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 55 (2017) 128-139.

Raghuvanshi, S.P.; Singh, R.; Kaushik, C.P. Kinetics study of methylene blue dye bioadsorption on boggase. Journal of Ecology and Environment 2 (2004) 35-43.

Ayᶊegul, A.; Aynur, Ҁ.;Yasemin, B. ; Zṻbeyde, Ҁ.A. Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions onto bacillus subtilis : determination of kenitc and equilibrium parameters. Journal of Dasalination and Water Treatment 51 (2013) 7596- 7603.

Rida, K.; Bouraoui, S.; Hadnine, S. Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by kaolin and zeolite. Journal of Applied Clay Science 83-84 (2013) 99-105.

Herbache, H.; Ramdani, A.; Maghni.A.; Taleb, Z. ; Taleb, S. ; Morallon, E. ; Brahmi, R. Removal of o-Cresol from aqueous solution using Algerian Na-Clay as adsorbent . Journal of Desalination and Water Treatment 57(2016) 20511-20519.

Nogueira, G.E.; Joan, H.; Lopes, A. Reactive adsorption of methylene blue on montmorillonite via an ESI-Ms study. Journal of Clay Science 332 (2009) 46-53.

Madejova, J.; Gates, W.P.; Petit, S. Chapter 5-IR Spectra of Clay Minerals. Developments in Clay Science 8 (2017) 107-149.

Sakin, O.; Hussein , M.A.; Belal, H.M.; Hussein, A.M. Adsorption thermodynamics of cationic dyes (methylene blue and crystal violet) to a natural clay mineral from aqueous solution between 293.5 and 323.15K . Arabian Journal of Chemistry 11 (2018) 615-623.

Guiza, S.; Bagane, M. Kinetics study of congo red dye adsorption from aqueous solutions onto bentonite. Journal of Water Science 26 (2013) 39-50.

Boumchita, S.; Lahrichi, A.; Benjelloun, Y.; Lairini, S.; Nenov, V.; Zerrouq, F. Removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution by a food waste: Potato peel. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 7 (2016) 73-84.

Allam, K.; Gourai, K.; El Bouari, A. ; Belhorma, B. ; Bih, L. Adsorption of Methylene Blue on raw and activated Clay: case study of Bengurir clay. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 9(2018) 1750-1761.

Dogan, M.; Alkan, M.; Turkyilmaz, A.; Ozdemir, Y. Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto perlite. Journal of Hazardous Materials B 109 (2004) 141-148.

Ghosh, D.; Bhattacharyya, K.G. Adsorption of methylene blue on kaolinite. Journal of Applied Clay Science 20 (2002) 295-300.

Ramdani, A.; Taleb, S.; Benghalem, A.; Ghaffour, N. Removal of excess ions fluorides of Saharan brackisch water by adsorption on natural materials. Journal of Desalination 250 (2010) 408-413.

Baliti, J.; Asnaoui, A.; Abouarnadasse, S. L’élimination du bleu de méthylène par une argile naturelle de Taza en milieu aqueux. Journal of InnovativeResearch In Advanced Engineering 1(2014) 2149-2163.

Elmoubarki, R. ; Mahjoubi, F.Z. ; Tounsadi, H. ; Moustadraf, J. ; Abdennouri, M. ; Zouhri, A. ; El Albani, A. ; Barka, N. Adsorption of textile dyes on raw and decanted Moroccan clays: Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. Journal of Water Resources and Industry 9 (2015) 16-29.

Cengeloglu, Y.; Tor, A.; Arslan, G.; Ersoz, M.; Gzegin, S. Removal of boron from aqueous solution by using neutralized red mud. Journal of Hazardous Materials 142 (2007) 412-417.

Seki, Y.; Yurdakoç, K. Paraquat adsorption onto clays and organoclays from aqueous solution. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 287 (2005) 1-5.

Bulut, Y.; Aydin, H. A kinetics and thermodynamics study of methylene blue adsorption on wheat shells. Journal of Desalination 194 (2006) 259-267.

Anirudhan, T.S.; Radhakrishnan, P.G. Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of Cu (II) from aqueous solution onto a new cation exchanger derived from tamarind fruit shell. Journal of Chemical Thermodynamic 40 (2008) 702-709.


  • There are currently no refbacks.