Remediation of polluted water by diclofenac drug by adsorption technology

N. Boukhalfa, N. Djebri, M. Boutahala


In this paper, we addressed the issue of using organo-K10 montmorillonite as adsorbent of DS to remove it from aqueous environment. An organo-K10 montmorillonite (MK10-C16) was prepared by intercalating the organic cation cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (C16) in a K10 montmorillonite (MK10), than characterized using XRD analytical technique. The organo-K10 montmorillonite displayed enhanced affinity for the DS in water. Using a linear regression, the pseudo-second-order model describes better the results of the kinetics. The adsorption data fitted well with Langmuir isotherm. The maximum adsorption capacity of diclofenac is estimated to be 63.33 mgg-1. The results revealed that MK10-C16 have a high potential to be used as adsorbent for the removal of DS from aqueous solution.

Full Text:



Zhang, Y.; Geißen, S.U.; Gal, C. Carbamazepine and diclofenac: removal in wastewater treatment plants and occurrence in water bodies. Chemosphere 73 (2008) 1151-1161.

Vergili, I. Application of nanofiltration for the removal of carbamazepine, diclofenac and ibuprofen from drinking water sources. Journal of Environmental Management 127 (2013) 177-187.

Oaks, J.L.; Gilbert, M.; Virani,M.Z.; Watson, R.T.; Meteyer, C.U.; Rideout, B.A.; Shivaprasad, H.L.; Ahmed, S.; Chaudhry, M.J.I.; Arshad, M.; Mahmood, S.; Ali, A.; Ahmed Khan, A. Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan. Nature 427 (2004) 630-633.

Swan, G.; Naidoo, V.; Cuthbert, R.; Green , R.E.; Pain, D.J.; Swarup, D.; Prakash, V.; Taggart, M.; Bekker, L.; Das, D.; Diekmann, J.; Diekmann, M.; Killian, E.; Meharg, A.; Patra, R.C.; Saini, M.; Wolter, K. Removing the Threat of Diclofenac to Critically Endangered Asian Vultures. PLoS Biology 4 (2006) 395.

Cuthbert, R.; Parry-Jones, J.; Green, R. E.; Pain, D. J. NSAIDs and scavenging birds: potential impacts beyond Asia's critically endangered vultures. Biology Letters 3 (2006) 90-93.

Schwaiger, J.; Ferling, H.; Mallow, U.; Wintermayr, H.; Negele, R.D. Toxic effects of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac: Part I: histopathological alterations and bioaccumulation in rainbow trout. Aquatic Toxicolgy 68 (2004) 141-150.

Triebskorn, R.; Casper, H.; Heyd, A.; Eikemper, R.; Köhler, H.R.; Schwaiger, J. Toxic effects of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac: Part II. Cytological effects in liver, kidney, gills and intestine of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Aquatic Toxicology 68 (2004) 151-166.

Hoeger, B.; Köllner, B.; Dietrich, D.R.; Hitzfeld. B. Water-borne diclofenac affects kidney and gill integrity and selected immune parameters in brown trout (Salmo trutta f. fario), Aquatic Toxicology 75 (2005) 53-64.

Mehinto, A.C.; Hill, E.M.; Tyler, C.R. Uptake and biological effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical diclofenac in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Environmental Science Technology 44 (2010) 2176-2182.

Tiwari, R.R.; Khilar, K.C.; Natarajan, U. Synthesis and characterization of novel organo-montmorillonites. Applied Clay Science 38 (2008) 203-208.

Zhu, H.Y.; Jiang, R.; Xiao, L.; Zeng, G.M. Preparation, characterization, adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of novel magnetic chitosan enwrapping nanosized γ-Fe2O3 and multi-walled carbon nanotubes with enhanced adsorption properties for methyl orange. Bioresource Technology 101 (2010) 5063-5069.

McKay, G.; Ho, Y.S. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochemistry 34 (1999) 451-465.

Hibino, T.; Yamashita, y.; Kosuge, K.; Tsunashimia, A. Decarbonation behavior of Mg-Al-CO3 hydrotalcite-like compounds during heat treatment. Clays and Clay Minerals 43 (1995) 427-432.

Langmuir, I. The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Journal of the American Chemical Society 38 (1916) 2221-2295.

Freundlich, H.M.F. Über die adsorption in lösungen. Journal of Physical Chemistry 57 (1906) 385-470.

Fytianos, K.; Voudrias, E.; Kokkalis, E. Sorptio-desorption behaviour of 2,4-dichlorophenol by marine sidiments. Chemospher 40 (2000) 3-6.

Tsai, W.T.; Chang, C.Y.; Ing, C.H.; Chang, C.H. Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solution on activated carbon bleaching earth. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 275 (2004) 72-78.

Thanhmingliana; Tiwari, D. Efficient use of hybrid materials in the remediation of aquatic environment contaminated with micro-pollutant diclofenac sodium. Chemical Engineering Journal 263 (2015) 364–373.

Gamboa, P.A.; Ramírez-García, J.J.; Solache-Ríos, M.; Díaz-Nava, C.; Gallegos-Pérez, J.L. Comparison of different modified aluminosilicate networks for the removal of diclofenac. Desalination and Water Treatment 57 (2016) 26401-26413.

De Oliveira, T.; Guégan, R.; Thiebault, T.; Le Milbeau, C.; Muller, F.; Teixeira, V.; Giovanela, M.; Boussafir, M. Adsorption of diclofenac onto organoclays: Effects of surfactant and environmental (pH and temperature) conditions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 323 (2017) 558-566.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51