Treatment of partially stabilized landfill leachate using combinations of coagulation, Fenton oxidation and granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorption

F. Boumechhour, R. Kerbachi, A.E. Rechoum, M.S. Benmenni

Abstract


Abstract: This study investigated the treatment performances of coagulation, Fenton oxidation, granular activated carbon adsorption and combinations between them aiming to provide an efficient method for the treatment of partially stabilized leachates. Leachates were collected from Ouled Fayet landfill (Algeria)   , samples were characterized with a low biodegradability (BOD5/COD ratio about 0.15), COD of 8294 mg/l and pH around 8. The sequence of stages implemented was: (a) Coagulation /flocculation (COD removal ≈ 71 % with FeCl3 dosage of 1.6 g/l at pH 5); (b) Fenton oxidation (COD removal  ≈ 74.6% using 5g/l  of H2O2,  H2O2/ Fe(II) molar ratio = 6 at pH 3.5); (c) Coagulation/flocculation followed by Fenton oxidation (>86 % of COD removal was achieved) ; (d) Fenton oxidation followed by coagulation/flocculation (COD removal  ≈ 81.7% ) and (e) Granular activated carbon adsorption after coagulation and Fenton process ( very good reduction in COD : 94.2% ).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Lema, L.M.; Mendez, R.; Blazquez, R. Characteristics of landfill leachates and alternatives for their treatment: a review, Water Air Soil Pollut. 40 (1988) 223–250.

Christensen, T.H; Kjeldsen, P.; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Heron, G.; Nielsen, P.H.; Bjerg, P l.; Holm, P.E. Attenuation of landfill leachate pollutants in aquifers. Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol. 24 (1994) 119–202.

Kjeldsen, P.; Barlaz, M.A.; Rooker, A.P.; Braun, A.; Ledin, A.; Christensen, T.H. Present and long-term composition of MSW landfill leachate: a review, Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32 (2002) 297–336.

Scott, J.; Beydoun, D.; Amal, R.; Low, G.; Cattle, J.; Landfill Management, Leachate Generation, and Leach Testing of Solid Wastes in Australia and Overseas, Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35 (2005) 239–332.

Deng, Y.; Englehardt, J.D. Treatment of landfill leachate by the Fenton process. Water Res. 40 (2006) 3683–3694.

Bigda; Bigda, R.J. Consider Fenton’s chemistry for wastewater treatment. Chem. Eng. Prog. 91 (1995) 62–66.

Cheng, R.C.; Liang, S.; Wang, H.C.; Beuhler, M.D.; Enhanced coagulation for arsenic removal. J. AWWA 86(1994) 79–90.

Atmaca, E. Treatment of landfill leachateby using electro-Fenton method. J. Hazard. Mater. 163 (2009) 109–114.

Altin, A. An alternative type of photoelectro-Fenton process for the treatment of landfill leachate. Sep. Purif. Technol. 61 (2008) 391–397.

Kochany; Lipczynska-Kochany, E. Utilization of landfill leachate parameters for pretreatment by Fenton reaction and struvite precipitation—a comparative study. J. Hazard. Mater. 166 (2009) 248–254.

Primo, O.; Rivero, M.J.; Ortiz, I. Photo-Fenton process as an efficient alternative to the treatment of landfill leachates. J. Hazard. Mater. 153 (2008) 834–842.

Burbano, A.A.; Dionysiou, D.D.; Suidan, M.T. Effect of oxidant-to-substrate ratios on the degradation of MTBE with Fenton reagent. Water Res. 42 (2008) 3225–3239.

Lopez, A.; Pagano, M.; Volpe, A.; Dipinto, A.; Fenton’s pretreatment of mature landfill leachate Chemosphere 54 (2004) 000–1005.

Zhang, H.; Choi, H.J.; Canazo, P.; Huang, C.P. Multivariate approach to the Fenton process for the treatment of landfill leachate. J. Hazard. Mater. 161 (2009) 1306–1312.

Urtiaga, A.; Rueda, A.; Anglada, Á.; Ortiz, I. Integrated treatment of landfill leachates including electrooxidation at pilot plant scale. J. Hazard. Mater. 166 (2009) 1530–1534.

Otal, E.; Arnaiz, C.; Gutierrez, J.C.; Lebrato, J. Anaerobic degradation of p-coumaric acid and pre-ozonated synthetic water containing this compound. Biochem. Eng. J. 20 (2004) 29–34.

Lu, X.J.; Yang, B.; Chen, J.H.; Sun, R. Treatment of wastewater containing azo dye reactive brilliant red X-3B using sequential ozonation and upflow biological aerated filter process. J. Hazard. Mater. 161 (2009) 241–245.

Daifullah, A.; Girgis, B.; Gad, H. A study of the factors affecting the removal of humic acid by activated carbon prepared from biomass material. Colloids Surf. A 235 (2004) 1–10.

Li, W.; Zhang, L.B.; Peng J.H.; Li N.; Zhu X.Y. Preparation of high surface area activated carbons from tobacco stems with K2CO3 activation using microwave radiation. Indus. Crops Prod. 27 (2008) 341–347.

Chingombe, P.; Saha, B.; Wakeman, R.J. Surface modification and characterization of a coal-based activated carbon. Carbon 43 (2005) 3132–3143.

Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, twenty first ed., 2005. American Public Health Association, Washington.

Cotman, M.; Zgajnar-Gotvajn, A.Comparison of different physico-chemical methods for the removal of toxicants from landfill leachate. J. Hazard. Mater. 178 (2010) 298–305.

Wang, F.; Smith, D.W.; El-Din, G. Application of advanced oxidation methods for landfill leachate treatment – a review, J. Environ. Eng. Sci. 2 (2003) 413–427.

Ching, H.W.; Tanaka, T.S.; .Elimelech, M. Dynamics of coagulation of kaolin particles with ferric chloride. Water Res. 28: 3 (1994) 559–569.

Duan, J.M.; Gregory, J. Coagulation by hydrolyzing metal. Salts Adv. Colloid Interface Sci.100-102 (2003) 475–502.

Yanyu Wua,C.; Shaoqi Zhoua, B.C.; Fanghui Qina,C.; Huaping Penga,C; Yanglan Laia,C; Yiming Lina,C. Removal of humic substances from landfill leachate by Fenton oxidation and coagulation. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 8 8 ( 2 0 1 0 ) 276–284.

Deng, Y.; Englehardt, J.D. Treatment of Landfill Leachate by the Fenton Process. J. Hazard.Mater.125 (2005)166-174.

Gallard, H.; de Laat, J.; Legube, B. Effect of pH on the noxidation rate of organic compounds by Fe-II/H2O2. Mechanisms and simulation. New J Chem, 22(1998):263–268.

Tang, W.Z.; Huang, C.P. Stochiometry of Fenton’s reagent in the oxidation of chlorinated aliphatic organic pollutants. Environ. Technol. 18(1997) 13–23.

Pignatello, J.J.; Oliveros, E.; MacKay, A. Advanced oxidation processes for organic . contaminant destruction based on the Fenton reaction and related chemistry. Crit Rev Environ. Sci. Techno. 36 (2006) 1–84.

Zhang, H., Choi, H.J.; Huang, C.P. Optimization of Fenton process for the treatment of landfill leachate. J Hazard Mater, 125(2005) 166–174.

Gotvajn, A.Z.; Tisler, T; Zagorc-Koncan, J., Comparison of different treatment strategies for industrial landfill leachate. J Hazard Mater, 162 (2009) 1446–1456.

Sun, J.H.; Li, X.Y.; Feng, J.L; Tian, X.K., Oxone/Co2+ oxidation as an advanced oxidation process: comparison with traditional Fenton oxidation for treatment of landfill leachate. Water Res, .43(2009) 363–4369.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51