Synthesis and characterization of Sb-PILCs Bentonite Clay Mineral used as Adsorbent

H. Cherifi-Naci, S. Bougherara, K. Louhab


Abstract: The Objective of our study is the valorization of clay of the western region of Algeria. The experimental study is the preparation and characterization of Antimony pillared materials using SbCl3 solution as pillaring agent. The synthesis of pillared clay was characterized by different techniques namely (FTIR, XRD and XRF) and physic-chemical analyzes (CEC, the acid index, specific surface area, average pore diameter, and volume mass). The intensity of the Bands assigned to Si-O and Al-O Vibrations were slightly reduced on pillaring process. The decrease in intensity is due to the process of dehydroxylation produced during pillaring. The d-spacing for the intercalated and pillared bentonites is 38.199 A° and 30.057 A°, respectively. The specific surface area of pillared and natural bentonite is 365.11 and 68.25 m2 g-1 respectively. With determined specific properties, modified clays are highly reactive matrices that can be used as adsorbents in the process of depollution of industrial wastewater.

Full Text:



A. Baccar, N .Batis and A .Ghorbel, Effect parameters and protocol preparation On the structural and textural properties Of clays Intercalated with iron (III), Journal Of the Chemical Society Tunisia, 2005, 7,173-186.

D. I. Nistor, N. D Miron, I. Siminiceau, Preparation of pillared clays Originally Romanian with polycations of Aluminum and Iron, Scientific Study and Research, 2006, 2(3),5404.

E.Eren, B Afsin, Removal of the copper (II) by adsorption and gross bentonites acid activated; Combined potentiometer Thermodynamics, XRD, IR, ATD, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2008, 151 (2-3),682-691.

M. Eoussaief, M. Benzina, Efficacity of Natural and Activated Clay by an acid for the removal of Pb (II) from Aqueous Solutions,Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2010,178(1-3),753 757.

Dessalew D.Alemayehu, Sanjeev K.Singh and Dejene A.Tesse, Assessment of the Adsorption Capacities of Fired Clay Soil from Jimma (Ethiopia) For the Removal of Cr (VI) from Aqueous Solution,Universal, Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, 2012,2(5), 411-420.

Jarraya, S. Fourmentin, M. Benzina, Adsorption of COV by a Tunisian Organo-Clay Modified Material, Journal of the Chemical Society of Tunisia, 2010, 12,139-149.

A.Gannouni, A. Bellagui, M. Bagane, Activation of Clay for bleaching olive Oil. Annals of Chemistry, Materials Science, 1999, 24(6), 407-416.

S.Elbaridji, M. Elamine, H. Eljazouli, Treatment and Recovery of Sub-wood products, Application to the disposal of industrial dyes, Account Rendered Chemistry, 2006, 9(10)1314-1312.

N Boualla, FH Saad,B. Hadj Hassan ,Z.Derrich and A. Benzian, Kinetics of elimination of dye methylene blue by activated sludge, Liberty Science, 2012 ,4(120305), 2111-4706.

A Gannouni, H. Ben Amor, M. Chlend, Adsorption Study of ions Zn2+ in aqueous solution on a natural Clay. Annals of Chemistry, Materials Science, 2010, 35/4, 235-248.

Karim Bennani, M.Badia, M. Hachkar, M. Bakasse, Basic elimination of the dye methylene blue in aqueous solution with the Clay of SAFI, Journal of Water Science 2010, 23(4), 375 388.

S. Caillere, S. Henin, Mineralogy of Clays. Masson and Cie.1983.

Z. Dali-Yousef, H. Bouabdasselem, Removal of Organic Compounds by Local Clays, Account Rendered chemistry, 2006,9(10),1295-1300..


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51