Use of the Arc hydro Tools for the extraction of the hydrographic network of watersheds: case of sub-watershed of Oued Laussif (w) of Sétif, Algeria

S. Cheddad, A. Haouchine


This research paper deals with the study of the morphological characteristics of the oued Loussif sub-catchment, located in the Wilaya of Sétif, Algeria. This study is part of a more general study on the hydrogeological study of the Kherzet Youcef deposit.

In all fields interested in the study of spatial phenomena, a need for automation is emerging, especially for 'network' type geographic structures, given their systemic organization of space which is not explained in geographic data bases. In order to meet this need for automation, the use of Geographic Information Systems has proven to be profitable.

Morphological features such as flow accumulation, flow direction and stream network were extracted based on the digital elevation model (DEM), and the results were interpreted and analyzed. The Geographic Information System (GIS) based approach with the use of DEM facilitates the understanding of different morphological features represented in the thematic raster data maps, and the correlation between flow accumulations, flow direction, stream order and stream network was well explored.

The study represents the morphological features extracted from the DEM. The software used to perform the overall analysis was ESRI ArcGIS version 10.8 with ESRI Spatial Analysis Analyst extension and ArcHydro. The morphological features are effective in understanding the spatial distribution of the stream network and identifying potential groundwater locations.

Full Text:



Mutin, G. Le monde arabe face au défi des problèmes de l'eau et des conflits. Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lyon. Edition Hal, version 2, (2009) 164 pages.

Louise, R. L'eau, source de conflits. Lex Electronica, vol. 12 n ° 2. (2007)

Hema, H. C.; Govindaiah, S.; Suresha, K. J.; Arunkumar, Y. Morphological Characteristics of the Kanakapura Watershed, Arkavathi River Basin, Karnataka, India—Using GIS and DEM. Sustainability Trends and challenges in Civil Engineering. (2021) 991- 1001.

Ahmad, I. Digital elevation model (DEM) coupled with geographic information system (GIS): an approach towards erosion modeling of Gumara watershed, Ethiopia. Environmental Monitoring Assessment (2018) 190, 568.

Visharolia, U.S.; Shrimali, N.J.; Prakash, I.; Watershed delineation of Purna River using geographical information system (GIS). International Jornal of Advancede Enginering Research Development N°4. (2017) 690–695.

Bhagwat, T.N.; Shetty, A.; Hegde, V.S. Spatial variation in drainage characteristics and geomorphic instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH); implications for watershed management—a case study of the Varada River basin, Northern Karnataka. Catena 87 (2011)52–59.

Qadir, A.; Yasir, M.; Abir, I.A.; Akhtar, N.; San L.H. Quantitative morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS techniques for Mandakini River Basin. IOP Conference Ser Earth Environemental Sciences 540. (2020) 1–10

Arunkumar, Y.; Dodamanin B.M.; Dwarakish, G.S. Shoreline analysis using Landsat-8 satellite image. ISH Jornal of Hydraulic Engineering (2018)1–9.

Arbind Verma, K.; Madan, Jha K. Extraction of watershed characteristics using gis and digital elevation model. International Jornal of Engineering and Sciences Invention 6 (2017) 1 –6

Vittala, S.S.; Govindaiah, S.; Gowda, H.H. Morphometric analysis of sub-watersheds in the Pavagada area of Tumkur district, South India using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Jornal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing 32 (2004) 351–362. Scholar

Arunkumar, Y.; Kappadi, P.K.; Hafeezunnisa. Crop pattern change and crop water requirement judgment using remote sensing and GIS techniques: research on Tungabhadra Dam Right Canal. Inetrnational Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering volume 8, (2019) 652-657.

Hingrey, B. ; Picouet C. ; Musy, A. Hydrologie 2 - Une science pour l'ingénieur, Volume 2. Collection : Science et ingénierie de l'environnement (2009) 600 pages.

Maidment, D. R. Arc hydro: SIG pour les ressources en eau, volume1. ESRI, Inc. (2003)

Crave, A. Quantification of the organization of hydrographic networks. Thesis, University of Rennes I, (1995) 209 p.

Jenson, S.K. ; Domingue, J.O. Extraction de structures topographiques à partir de données numériques d'élévation. Génie photogrammétrique et télédétection, (1998) 1593-1600.

Bentekhici, N. (2006). Use of a GIS to assess the physical characteristics of a watershed and their influences on the watershed (watershed of Oued El Maleh, north-western Algeria). French speaking ESRI conference.


  • There are currently no refbacks.