Reduction of CO Emissions in the Environment by Preheating the Air in a Combustion Chamber

A. Boukhari, M.E.H. Attia, Z. Driss

Abstract


Abstract: In this paper, we studied numerically the effect of the preheating temperature of air in a non-premixed cylindrical (3D) combustion chamber. Using the commercial CFD code FLUENT, the characteristic parameters of the reactive flow, namely the axial velocity, the temperature and the mass fraction of carbon monoxide CO, was calculated. The study of this phenomenon consists in using a special treatment of mathematical models. The considered approaches were used to overcome the closure of the equations of the aero-thermo-chemical balance. The main objective of this work is to study the behavior of these parameters following the variation of the air inlet temperature. The utility of this method is to facilitate combustion chamber operation and a significant reduction in carbon monoxide emission.The obtained results show that the variation of the air temperature presents a great effect on the studied parameters. We have found that the air inlet temperature T=750 K is the best solution for CO carbon monoxide emission.

Full Text:

PDF

References


International Energy Agency Report, DOE 0484 (2007) EIA, 2007.

Masters, J.; Webb, R.J.; Davies, R.M. Use of modelling techniques in the design and application of recuperative burners. Journal of the Institute of Energy 52 (413) (1979) 196-205.

Rasani, M.R.; Aldlemy, M.S.; Harun, Z. Fluid-structure interaction analysis of rear spoiler vibration for energy harvesting potential. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences 11(1) (2017) 2415-2424.

Atia, A.; Mohammedi, K. State of the art on enhanced oil recovery with CO2 sequestration for low carbon industry. Algerian Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 3 (2017) 5-8.

Tahseen, T.A.; Ishak, M.; Rahman, M.M. A numerical study of forced convection heat transfer over a series of flat tubes between parallel plates. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences 3 (2012) 271-280.

Reda, E; Zulkifli, R.; Harun, Z. Large eddy simulation of wind flow through an urban environment in its full-scale wind tunnel models. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences 11 (2) (2017) 2665-2679.

Boukhari, A.; Bessaïh, R. Numerical heat and mass transfer investigation of hydrogen absorption in an annulus-disc reactor. International journal of Hydrogen energy 40 (2015) 13708-13718.

Milani, A.; Saponaro, A. Diluted combustion technologies. IFRF (International Flame Research Foundation) Combustion Journal Article n° 200101, Février 2001.

Katsuki, M.; Hasegawa, T. The science and technology of combustion in highly preheated air. Proceeding of the Combustion Institute 27 (1998) 3135-3145.

Bouras, F.; Attia, M.E.H.; Khaldi, F.; SI-AMEUR, M. Control of the Methane Flame Behavior by the Hydrogen Fuel Addition: Application to Power Plant Combustion Chamber . International journal of Hydrogen energy 42 (13) (2017) 8932-8940.

Bouras, F.; Soudani, A.; Si Ameur, M. Beta-PDF Approach for Large Eddy Simulation of Non-premixed Turbulent Combustion.International Review of Mechanics Engineering 4 (2010) 1096-1100.

Pierce, C.P.; Moin, P. Progress-Variable Approach for Large-Eddy Simulation of Non-Premixed Turbulent Combustion . Journal of Fluid Mechanics 504 (2004) 73-98.

Bouras, F.; Attia, M.E.H.; Khaldi, F. Entropy Generation Optimization in Internal Combustion Engine Environmental Processes 2 (2) (2015) 233-243.

Bouras, F.; Soudani, A.; Si Ameur, M. Large Eddy Simulation for Lean Premixed Combustion Canadian. Journal of Chemical Engineerin 91 (2013) 231-238.

Attia, M.E.H.; Driss, Z.; Khechekhouche, A. Numerical Study of the Combustion of CH4-C3H8/Air: Application to a Combustion Chamber with Two Coaxial Jets. International Journal of Energetica (IJECA) 2 (2) (2017) 38-43.

Attia, M.E.H.; Khechekhouche, A.; Driss, Z. Numerical Simulation of Methane-Hydrogen Combustion in the Air: Influence on Combustion Parameters. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 11 (2) (2018) 1-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51