Rigorous modeling and simulation of the reactive absorption of CO2 with loaded aqueous monoethanolamine solution

I. Hammouche, A. Selatnia, R. Derriche

Abstract


Abstract: In recent years, significant efforts have been made  to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from industrial sources and prevent the worldwide climate change. Special attention has been given to carbon dioxide removal using absorption–desorption with chemical solvents. A reliable design, scale up, control, and optimization of post-combustion CO2 capture processes requires the use of an accurate packed bed absorber modeling and simulation. In this paper, a rigorous rate-based model that describes the reactive absorption of carbon dioxide into loaded aqueous monoethanolamine solution in a countercurrent-flow packed absorber column has been developed. The model considers both mass and heat fluxes across the interface; thus, liquid and gas phases are balanced separately. Proper correlations currently available in literature for physico-chemical as well as heat and mass transfer properties estimation were included into the model to ensure reliable predictions; all equations (mass and energy balances, equilibrium speciation, kinetic model, enhancement factor model as well as the physico-chemical and transport properties) were then implemented in MATLAB software. The developed model was successfully validated against published experimental data with maximum average relative deviation percentages less than 2.8 % and 1.7 % for liquid temperature and CO2 loading profiles, respectively.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Moulijn, J. A.; Stankiewicz, A.; Grievink, J.; Górak. Process intensification and process systems engineering: a friendly symbiosis. Computers & Chemical Engineering 32 (2008) 3-11.

Oh, T. H. Carbon capture and storage potential in coal-fired plant in Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14 (2010) 2697-2709.

Core-Writing-Team. Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report (No. AR4). Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland (2007).

Mofarahi, M.; Khojasteh, Y.; Khaledi, H.; Farahnak, A. Design of CO2 absorption plant for recovery of CO2 from flue gases of gas turbine. Energy 33 (2008) 1311-1319.

MacDowell, N.; Florin, N.; Buchard, A.; Hallett, J.; Galindo, A.; Jackson, G.; Adjiman, C.; Williams, C.; Shah, N.; Fennell, P. An overview of CO2 capture technologies. Energy & Environmental Science 3(2010) 1645-1669.

Erga, O.; Juliussenb, O.; Lidal, H. CO2 recovery by means of aqueous amines. Energy Conversion and Management 36 (1995) 387-392.

Mohammadpour, A.; Mirzaei, M.; Azimi, A. Dimensionless numbers for solubility and mass transfer rate of CO2 absorption in MEA in presence of additives. Chemical Engineering Research & Design (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2019.06.026.

Ali Saleh Bairq, Z.; Gao, H.; Huang, Y.; Zhang, H.; Liang, Z. Enhancing CO2 desorption performance in rich MEA solution by addition of SO42−/ZrO2/SiO2 bifunctional catalyst. Applied Energy 252 (2019) 1-1.

Akinola, T. E.; Oko, E.; Wang, M. Study of CO2 removal in natural gas process using mixture of ionic liquid and MEA through process simulation. Fuel 236 (2019) 135-146.

Wang, J.; Deng, S.; Sun, T.; Xu, Y.; Li, K.; Zhao, J. Thermodynamic and cycle model for MEA-based chemical CO2 absorption. Energy Procedia 158 (2019) 4941-4946.

Sonderby, T.L.; Carlsen, K.B.; Fosbol, P.L.; Kiorboe, L.G.; von Solms, N. A new pilot absorber for CO2 capture from flue gases: measuring and modelling capture with MEA solution. International Journal of Greenhousse Gas Control 12 (2013) 181-192.

Pandya, J.D. Adiabatic gas absorption and stripping with chemical reaction in packed towers. Chemical Engineering Communications 19 (1983) 343-361.

Treybal, R.E. Adiabatic gas absorption and stripping in packed towers. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry 61(1969) 36-41.

Llano-Restrepo, M.; and Araujo-Lopez, E. Modeling and simulation of packed-bed absorbers for post-combustion capture of carbon dioxide by reactive absorption in aqueous monoethanolamine solutions. International Journal of Greenhousse Gas Control 42 (2015) 258-287.

Matin, N.S.; Remias, J.E.; Neathery, J.K.; Liu, K.. Facile method for determination of amine speciation in CO2 capture solutions. Industrial & engineering chemistry research 51(2012) 6613-6618.

Littel, R. J.; Versteeg, G. F.; Van Swaaij, W. P. M. Kinetics of CO2 with primary and secondary amines in aqueous solutions-II. Influence of temperature on zwitterion formation and deprotonation rates. Chemical Engineering Science 47(1992) 2037-2045.

Aboudheir, A.; Tontiwachwuthikul, P.; Chakma, A.; Idem, R. Kinetics of the reactive absorption of carbon dioxide in high CO2-loaded concentrated aqueous monoethanolamine solutions. Chemical Engineering Science 58(2003) 5195-5210.

Dang, H.; Rochelle, G. T. CO2 Absorption Rate and Solubility in Monoethanolamine/ Piperazine/Water.

Separation & Science Technology 38(2003) 337-357.

Puxty, G.; Rowland, R.; Attalla, M. Comparison of the rate of CO2 absorption into aqueous ammonia and monoethanolamine. Chemical Engineering Science 65(2010) 915-922.

Dugas, R. E.; Rochelle, G. T. CO2 absorption rate into concentrated aqueous monoethanolamine and piperazine. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 56(2011) 2187-2195.

Luo, X.; Hartono, A.; Hussain, S.; Svendsen, H.F. Mass transfer and kinetics of carbon dioxide absorption into loaded aqueous monoethanolamine solutions. Chemical Engineering Science 123(2015) 57-69.

Gaspar, J. ; Fosbøl, P.L. A general enhancement factor model for absorption and desorption systems: A CO2 capture case-study. Chemical Engineering Science 138 (2015) 203-215.

Jayarathna, S.A.; Weerasooriya, A.; Dayarathna, S.; Eimer, D.A.; Melaaen, M.C. Densities and surface tensions of CO2 loaded aqueous monoethanolamine solutions with r = (0.2 to 0.7) at T = (303.15 to 333.15) K. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 58(2013) 986-992.

Kell, G. S. Density, Thermal Expansivity, and Compressibility of Liquid Water from 0 to 150 °C: Correlations and Tables for Atmospheric Pressure and Saturation reviewed and Expressed on 1968 Temperature Scale. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 20(1975) 97-105.

Weiland, R. H.; Dingman, J. C.; Cronin, D. B.; Browning, G. J. Density and Viscosity of Some Partially Carbonated Aqueous Alkanolamine Solutions and Their Blends. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 43(1998) 378-382.

Weast, R. C. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 65th edition. CRC 1984

Jamal, A. Absorption and desorption of CO2 and CO in alkanolamine systems. Ph.D, Thesis, University of British Columbia, Canada 2002.

Jiru, Y.; Eimer, D.A.; Wenjuan, Y. Measurements and correlation of physical solubility of carbon dioxide in (monoethanolamine + water) by a modified technique. Industrial & engineering chemistry research 51 (2012) 6958-6966.

Ko, J. J.; Tsai, T. C.; Lin, C. Y. Diffusivity of Nitrous Oxide in Aqueous Alkanolamine Solutions. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 46(2001) 160-165.

Snijder, E.D.; te Riele, M.J.M.; Versteeg, G.F.; Van Swaaij, W.P.M. Diffusion coefficients of several aqueous alkanolamine solutions. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 38(1993) 475-480.

Agbonghae, E.O.; Hughes, K.J.; Ingham, D.B.; Ma, L.; Pourkashanian, M. A semi-empirical model for estimating the heat capacity of aqueous solutions of alkanolamines for CO2 capture. Industrial & engineering chemistry research 53(2014) 8291-8301.

Arcis, H.; Ballerat-Busserolles, K.; Rodier, L.; Coxam, J.-Y. Enthalpy of solution of carbon dioxide in aqueous solutions of monoethanolamine at temperatures of 322.5 K and 372.9 K and pressures up to 5 MPa. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 56 (2011) 3351-3362.

Pitzer, K. S.; Curl, R. F. The Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids. Inst. Mech. Eng., London 1957.

Soave, G. Equilibrium constants from a modified Redlich-Kwong equation of state. Chemical Engineering Science 27 (1972) 1197-1203.

Holderbaum, T.; Gmehling, J. PSRK: a group contribution equation of state based on UNIFAC. Fluid Phase Equilibia 70 (1991) 251-265.

Poling, B.E.; Prausnitz, J.M.; O’Connell, J.P. The Properties of Gases and Liquids. McGraw-Hill, New York 2001.

Smith, J.M.; van Ness, H.C.; Abbott, M.M. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York 2005.

Wagner, W. New vapour pressure measurements for argon and nitrogen and a new method for establishing rational vapour pressure equations. Cyrogenics 13 (1973) 470-482.

Wagner, W. A new correlation method for thermodynamic data applied to the vapor pressure curve of argon, nitrogen and water. IUPAC Thermodynamic Tables Project Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, Imperial College of Science and Technology 1977.

Wilke, C.R. Diffusional properties of multicomponent gases. Chemical Engineering Progress 46 (1950) 95-104.

Reid, R.C.; Prausntiz, J.M.; Poling, B.E. The Properties of Gases and Liquids. Mc-Graw Hill, New York 1987.

Billet, R.; Schultes, M. Prediction of mass transfer columns with dumped and arranged packings. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 77(1999) 498-504.

Geankoplis, C.J. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, 4th edition. Prentice-Hall 2003.

Kvamsdal, H.; Rochelle, G. Effects of the temperature bulge in CO2 absorption from flue gas by aqueous monoethanolamine. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 47(2008) 867-875.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.