Characterization and assessment of the antimicrobial function of total polyphenol extracts from pulps, leaves and seeds of two Ceratonia siliqua L. varieties

K. Yahiaoui, O. Bouchenak, S. Boumaza, S. Toubal, D. Blizak, A. Nouani, K. Arab

Abstract


Abstract: The overall phytochemical test results suggested that pulp, seeds, and leaves of both grafted and spontaneous varieties are especially rich in tannins , saponins, and leuco-anthocyanins. The result of the determination of total polyphenols Ceratonia siliqua L. showed that spontaneous leaves showed that the highest value of spontaneous leaves was 14 EAGmg / g, followed by grafted seeds (11.5 EAGmg / g), and spontaneous pulps (10.2 EAGmg / g). Infra -red spectroscopy revealed the presence of many functional groups in both varieties. The antimicrobial activity is particularly found with the spantaneous leaves against Escherichia coli (21.83 ± 0.93 mm) and Staphylococcus aureus (16.36 ± 0.63 mm) Microccus sp (15.83 ± 0.73 mm) and leaves grafted against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14.30 ± 0.35 mm).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Amirouche, R.; Misset, M. T. Flore spontanée d'Algérie: différenciation écogéographique des espèces et polyploïdie. Cahiers agricultures. 18(2009), 474-480.

Sarker, S. D.; Nahar, L. An introduction to natural products isolation. In Natural products isolation (2012) pp. 1-25. Humana press.

Siva, R. . Status of natural dyes and dye-yielding plants in India. Current science (2007) 916-925.

Biner, B.; Gubbuk, H.; Karhan, M.; Aksu, M.; Pekmezci, M Sugar profiles of the pods of cultivated and wild types of carob bean (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Turkey. Food Chemistry, (2007), 100(4), 1453-1455.

Owen, R. G.; Treon, S. P.; Al-Katib, A.; Fonseca, R.; Greipp, P. R.; McMaster, M. L.; Dimopoulos, M. A. Clinicopathological definition of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: consensus panel recommendations from the Second International Workshop on Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. In Seminars in oncology (2003) Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 110-115). WB Saunders.

Tahiri, A.; Destain, J.; Druart, P.; Thonart, P. Propriétés physico-chimiques et biologiques des substances humiques en relation avec le développement végétal.

Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement, (2014)18(3), 436-445.

El Hajaji, H.; Lachkar, N.; Alaoui, K.; Cherrah, Y.; Farah, A.; Ennabili, A.; Lachkar, M. Antioxidant properties and total phenolic content of three varieties of carob tree leaves from (1995) Products,(2010) 4(4), 193.

Rice-evans, C. A.; Miller, N. J.; Bolwell, P. G.; Bramley, P. M.; Pridham, J. B. The relative antioxidant activities of plant-derived polyphenolic flavonoids. Free radical research, (1995) 22(4), 375-383.

Bouchenak, O.; Yahiaoui, K.; Benhabyles, N.; Laoufi, R.; Toubal, S.; El haddad, D.: Arab, K. criblage phytochimique et evaluation du pouvoir antioxydant des feuilles de myrtus communis l. et rhamnus alaternus l. Revue Agrobiologia (2020) 10(1): 1749-61

Boizot, N.; Charpentier J. P.. Méthode rapide d’évaluation du contenu en composés phénoliques des organes d’un arbre forestier. Le Cahier des Techniques de l’INRA, In: Numéro spécial, (2006) 79-82.

Lapornik, B., Prosek, K.; Wandra, I. Comparison of extract prepared from plants byproduct using different solvent and extraction time. Journal of food engineering, (2005) 71(2): 214-222.

Kosalec, I.; Kremer, D.; Locatelli, M.; Epifano, F.; Genoverse, S.; Carlucci, G.; Randic, M.; Zovkoncic, M. Anthraquinone profile, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of bark extracts of Rhamnus alaternus, R. fallax, R. intermedia and R. pumila. Food chemistry, (2013) 136 : 355-341.

Shawakfeh, K. Q.; Ereifej, K. I. Pod characteristics of two ceratonia siliqua l. varieties from jordan. Italian journal of food science, (2005) 17(2).

Gubbuk, H.; Kafkas, E.; Guven, D.; Gunes, E. Physical and phytochemical profile of wild and domesticated carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) genotypes. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, (2010) (4), 1129-1136.

Chaves, M. A.; Piati, J.; Malacarne, L. T.; Gall, R. E.; Colla, E.; Bittencourt, P. R.; Matsushita, M. Extraction and application of chia mucilage (Salvia hispanica L.) and locust bean gum (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in goat milk frozen dessert. Journal of food science and technology, (2018) 55(10), 4148-4158..

Youssef, M. K. E.; El-Manfaloty, M. M.; Ali, H. M. Assessment of proximate chemical composition, nutritional status, fatty acid composition and phenolic compounds of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.). Food and Public Health, (2013) 3(6), 304-308..

Ayaz, F. A.; Torun, H.; Ayaz, S., Correia, P. J.; Alaiz, M., Sanz, C.; Strnad, M. Determination of chemical composition of anatolian carob pod (Ceratonia siliqua L.): sugars, amino and organic acids, minerals and phenolic compounds. Journal of Food Quality, 30(6), 1040-1055.

El Bouzdoudi, B.; El Ansari, Z. N.; Mangalagiu, I.; Mantu, D.; Badoc, A.; Lamarti, A. Determination of polyphenols content in carob pulp from wild and domesticated moroccan trees. American Journal of Plant Sciences, (2016) 7(14), 1937-1951.

Ncube, B.; Finnie, J. F.; Van Staden, J. Quality from the field: the impact of environmental factors as quality determinants in medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany, (2012) 82, 11-20.

Papagiannopoulos, M.; Wollseifen, H. R.; Mellenthin, A.; Haber, B.; Galensa, R. Identification and quantification of polyphenols in Carob Fruits (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and derived products by HPLC-UV-ESI/MS n. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, (2004) 52(12), 3784-3791. A..

Correia, M. J.; Coelho, D.; David, M. M. Response to seasonal drought in three cultivars of Ceratonia siliqua: leaf growth and water relations. Tree Physiology, (2001) 21(10), 645-653.

Kivçak, B.; Mert, T.; Öztürk, H. T. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of Ceratonia siliqua L. extracts. Turkish Journal of Biology, (2002) 26(4), 197-200.

Ouzounidou, G.; Vekiari, S.; Asfi, M.; Gork, M. G.; Sakcali, M. S.; Ozturk, M. Photosynthetic characteristics of carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and chemical composition of its fruit on diurnal and seasonal basis. Pakistan Journal of Botany, (2012) 44(5), 1689-1695.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51