Evaluating of potential impacts of liquid detergent using life cycle assessment methodology

S. Bougherara, F. Lecheb, M. Belkhir

Abstract


Abstract : The goal of this study was to use life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to assess the environmental impact of liquid detergent intended for dish, clothes and multi user, which is produced by a leader manufactory in Algeria town. This LCA was used to evaluate the environmental impact generated by this company and to determine the contribution of compound to impacts evaluated, and to try to carry out a comparative study between these products.

This study seems to be in need of using of SimaPro7.1 software and EDIP 2003 method.

The input data needed to conduct Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) coming from this factory, which use different raw material imported from European and Asian countries, energy used is coming from Algerian resource. Outputs are the result of wastewater analysis of this factory in different forms (liquid, solid and gas form).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Berth, P.;.and Jeschke, P. Consumption and Fields of Application LAS. Tenside Surfactants Detergents 26 (1989) 75-79.

Fawer, M.; Concannon, M.; Rieber, W.: LCA case studies; Life Cycle Inventory for the production of sodium silicates, International Journal of Life Cycle Assesmen 4 (1999) 207- 212.

Dirilgen, N.; Ince, N. Inhibition effect of the anionic surfactant SDS on Duckweed LEMNA minor with consideration of growth and accumulation. Chemosphere 31 (1994) 4185 - 4196.

Margesin, R.; Schinner, F. Biodegradation of the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate at low temperature. International biodeterioration and biodegradation 41 (1998)139- 143.

ISO 14040. Environmental Management- LCA principal and frame work. ISO/FDIS/TC207/SC5/14040/1997 (E).

ISO 14041. Environmental Management- LCA Goal and scope. Definition and inventory analysis. ISO/TC207/SC5/DI5 – 14041/ 1998.

ISO 14042. Environmental Management- LCA- Life cycle assessment committee Draft. ISO/TC207/SC5N97-14042/1999.

ISO 14043. Environmental Management- LCA- Life Cycle interpretation. Draft international standard. ISO/TC207/SC5N104/14043/1999.

Saouter, E.; and Van Hoof, G. A Database for life cycle assessment of Procter & Gamble Laundry detergents, International Journal of Life Cycle Assesment 2 (2002)103-114.

Saouter, E.; and Van Hoof, G.; Feijtel, T.; and William Owens, J. The effect of formulation on the environmental Profile of Northern European Granualr Laundry detergents. International Journal of Life Cycle Assesment 7 (2002) 27-38.

Pérez-Carrera, E.; Victor- Leon, M.; Pablo, A.; Martin, L.; Gonzalez- Mazo, E. Influence of the hydrophilic moiety of anionic and nonionic surfactant on their aerobic biodegradation in seawater. Science of the total environment 408 (2010) 922 - 930

SalducciJoost Dewaele, N.; Pant, R.; Schowanek, D. Comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Ariel “Actif à froid” (2006), a laundry detergent that allows to wash at colder wash temperatures, with previous Ariel laundry detergents (1998, 2001). For French Market Development Organisation, Procter & Gamble. Brussels Innovation Center. Central Product Safety -Environmental. Avril 2006.

Merete, A.; Nielsen, H.; Zhang, H. Novozymes a/s, China Cleaning Industry Association, Suite 1015 Compact detergents in China – A step towards more sustainable laundry. A Life Cycle Assessment of four typical Chinese detergents, H&PC. Today - household and Personal Care today 8 September/October (2013).

Pant, R.; Van Hoof, G.; D Schowanek, D.; Feijtel, T.; Michael, H.; David, W.; Rosenbaum, R.; and Pennington, S. Comparison between Three Different LCIA Methods for Aquatic Ecotoxicity and a Product Environmental Risk Assessment - Insights from a Detergent Case Study within OMNIITOX. International Journal of Life Cycle Assesment 9 (2004) 295-306.

Van Hoof, G.; D Schowanek, D.; Feijtel, T.; Boeije, G.; and Patrick, H. Comparative Life-Cycle Assessment of Laundry Detergent Formulations in the UK, Part II: Time trend analysis and wash equivalent comparison (1988 – 2001). Tenside Surfactants Detergents 40 (2003) 5.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51