Preparation and Characterisation of adsorbent prepared from sewage sludge for removal of methylene blue

S. Djoumad, K. Benrachedi, H. Ladji


Abstract: The objective of this study  is to valorize  an  urban waste, the sludges  from the wastewater treatment plant of Boumerdes/Algeria for the removal of  methylene blue dye  in aqueous solution  by adsorption. The material made from this sludge has been characterized by various techniques: X-ray fluorescence microscopy (XRF), X- ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) to obtain information concerning their structures and their compositions.A systematic study of various parameters such as: effect of adsorbent dosage, contact time and  initial dye concentration  was carried out in order to optimize the ideal conditions for a good adsorption of the studied pollutant; especially the kinetics of adsorption.The exploitation of experimental results using different kinetic models and adsorption isotherms showed that the sludge has similar adsorption characteristics to those of activated carbon, which perfectly confirms the applicability of the activated sludge in the wastewater treatment.

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