Optimization of preparation and application of activated carbon derived from cypress cones

M. Khellouf, R. Chemini, Z. Salem, M. Khodja, D. Zeriri

Abstract


Abstract: The present paper concerns the valorization of a botanic solid waste to synthetize an activated carbon from the cypress cones (Cupressus sempervirens cones) that grows spontaneously in the north region of Algeria. The goal and the novelty of this study is the feasibility of chemical activation with orthophosphoric acid of cypress cones as a new low-cost precursor. The performance of this activated carbon is tested in batch adsorption of the basic dye (methylene blue) from aqueous solutions. An experimental factorial design was used to determine the interaction effects of the operating conditions for both steps activation and carbonization. The maximum 97.29 % of dye elimination was obtained with the optimal activated carbon (AC) produced under the operating conditions, impregnation mass ratio of 1:1 for 5 hours and carbonization at 873 K for 4 hours. The effects of pH solution, initial dye concentration, mass adsorbent, and temperature on the adsorption of methylene blue on optimal AC are also studied. The adsorption kinetics were determined from aqueous dye solution and correctly described by the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption isotherms were modeled with the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Jovanovic models, it was found that Freundlich and Temkin models are the best models to describe the adsorption mechanism. The efficiency of industrial textile wastewater treatment by adsorption on the optimal activated carbon gave a good elimination of COD, color, and TSS over 50% of removal.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Xiaolei, Qu.; Pedro, J.J.A.; Qilin Li. Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment. Water Research 47 (2013) 3931-3946

Galán, J.; Rodriguez, A.; Gómez, J.M.; Allen, S.J.; Walker, G.M. Reactive dye adsorption onto a novel mesoporous carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal 219 (2013) 1-564.

Dulov, A.; Dulova, N.; Trapido, M. Combined physicochemical treatment of textile and mixed industrial wastewater. Ozone Science Engineering 33 (2011) 285-293.

Pazdzior, K.; Klepacz-Smółka, A.; Ledakowicz, S.; Sójka-Ledakowicz, J.; Mrozińska, Z.; Zyłła, R. Integration of nano-filtration and biological degradation of textile wastewater containing azo dye. Chemosphere 75 (2009) 250-255.

Elahe K. P.; SiminNasseri, B.K.; Mahvi, A. H.; Nabizadeh, R.; Ali Esr

afili R.R.K. Silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles core shell spheres (Fe3O4@SiO2) for natural organic matter removal. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 14 (2016) 14-21.

TambePatil, Bapusaheb B. Wastewater Treatment Using Nanoparticles. Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering 5 (2015) 131-133.

Gupta, V.K.; Suhas. Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal – a review. Journal of Environmental Management 90 (2009) 2313-2342.

Han, G.; Liang, C. Z.; Chung, T.S.; Weber, M.; Staudt, C.; Maletzko, C.; Cheng, Z.L.; Chung, T.S. Combination of forward osmosis (FO) process with coagulation/flocculation (CF) for potential treatment of textile wastewater. Water Research 91 (2016) 246-257.

Erhayem, M.; Sohn, M. Stability studies for titanium dioxide nanoparticles upon adsorption of Suwannee River humic and fulvic acids and natural organic matter. Science of Total Environment 57 (2014) 468-469.

Nabais, J.M.V.; Laginhas, C.; Carrott, M.M.L.R.; Carrott, P.J.M.; Amoros, J.E.C.; Gisbert, A.V.N. Surface and porous characterization of activated carbons made from a novel biomass precursor, the esparto grass. Applied Surface Science 265 (2013) 919-924.

Jibril, M.; Shawal, N.N.; Abbas, A.Z.M.; Dadum, H.U.; Musa, A.M. Comparison on the characteristics of bio-based porous carbons by physical and novel chemical activation. Applied Mechanical Material 554 (2014) 194-198.

Rodrigues, L. A.; Campos, T. M. B.; Alvarez-Mendes, M. O.; Coutinho, A. R. Phenol removal from aqueous solution by activated carbon produced from avocado kernel seeds. Chemical Engineering Journal 174 (2011) 49-57.

Saygili, H.; Güzel, F.; Yunus, O. Conversion of grape industrial processing waste to activated carbon sorbent and its performance in cationic and anionic dyes adsorption. Journal of Cleaner Production 93 (2015) 84-93.

Chen, Y.; Huang, B.; Huang, M.; CaiOn, B. The preparation and characterization of activated carbon from mango steen shell. Journal of Taiwan Institute Chemical Engineering 42 (2011) 63–70.

Getachew, T.; Hussen, A.; Rao, V.M. Defluoridation of water by activated carbon prepared from banana (Musa paradisiaca) peel and coffee (Coffeaarabica) husk. International Journal of Environmental. Science and Technology 12 (2015) 1857–1866.

Ma, H.; Li, J.B.; Liu, W.W.; Miao, M.; Cheng, B.J.; Zhu, S.W. Novel synthesis of a versatile magnetic adsorbent derived from corncob for dye removal. Bio-resource Technology 190 (2015) 13-20.

Trachi, M.; N.B.; Benamara, S.; Gougam, H. Preparation and caracterization of activated carbon from bitter almond shell (Prunusamygdalus). Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement 18 (2014) 492-502.

UmranTezcan Un, F.A., NihalErginel, OznurOzcan, EmreOduncu. Adsorption of Disperse Orange 30 dye onto activated carbon derived from Holm Oak (Quercus Ilex) acorns: A 3k factorial design and analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 155 (2015) 89-96.

Shamsuddin, M.S.; Yussof, N.R.N.; Sulaiman, M.A. Synthesis and characterization of activated carbon produced from kenaf core fiber using H3PO4 activation. Procedia Chemistry 19 (2016) 558-565.

Djilani, Ch.; R.Z., Djazi, F.; Bouchekima, B.; Lallam, A.; Modarressi, A.; Rogalski, M. Adsorption of dyes on activated carbon prepared from apricot stones and commercial activated carbon. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 53 (2015) 22-28.

Boumaza, S.; Kawa, F.; Berrama, T.; Trari, M.; Bendjama, Z. Optimization of preparation conditions for activated carbon from waste materials of agricultural origin for the removal of basic red 46. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 118 (2012) 311–316.

Güzel, F., Shaygili, H., Saygili, G.A., Koyuncu, F. New low-cost nanoporous carbonaceous adsorbent developed from carob (Ceratoniasiliqua) processing industry waste for the adsorption of anionic textile dye: characterization, equilibrium and kinetic modeling. Journal of Molecular Liquids 206 (2015) 244-255.

Pelaez-Cid, A. A.; Herrera-Gonzales, A. M.; Salazar-Villanueva, M.; Bautista-Hernandez, A. Elimination of textile dyes using activated carbons prepared from vegetable residues and their characterization. Journal of Environmental Management 181 (2016) 269-278.

HoaPhan, N.; Rio, S.; Faur, C.; Le Coq, L.; Le Cloirec, P.; Hong Nguyen, T. Production of fibrous activated carbons from natural cellulose (jute, coconut) fibers for water treatment applications. Carbon 44 (2006) 2569–2577.

Barton, S.S. The adsorption of methylene blue by active carbon. Carbon 25 (1987) 343-350.

Yao, Y.; Xu, F., Chen, M.; Xu, Z.; Zhu, Z. Adsorption behavior of methylene blue on carbon nanotubes. Bioresource Technology 101(2010) 3040-3046.

Ghasemi, Z.; Younsi, H.; Zinatizadeh, A. A. Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic application of TiO2/Fe-ZSM-5 nanocomposite for the treatment of petroleum refinery wastewater: Optimization of process parameters by response surface methodology. Chemosphere 159 (2016) 552-564.

Aarfane, A.; Salhi A.; El Krati, M.; Tahiri, S.; Monkade, M.; Lhadia, E.K.; Bensitel, M. Kinetic and thermodynamic study of the adsorption of Red195 and Methylene blue dyes on fly ash and bottom ash in aqueous medium. Journal of Material and Environmental Science 5 (2014) 1927-1939.

Ahmed, M.J. Application of agricultural based activated carbons by microwave and conventional activations for basic dye adsorption. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4 (2016) 89–99.

Kaouah, F.; Boumaza, S.; Berrama, T.; Trari, M.; Bendjama, Z. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from wild olive cores (oleaster) by H3PO4 for the removal of Basic Red 46. Journal of Cleaner Production 54 (2013) 296-306.

S. Altenor, B.C.; Emmanuel, E.; Lambert, J.; Ehrhardt, J.J.; Gaspard, S. Adsorption studies of methylene blue and phenol onto vetiver roots activated carbon prepared by chemical activation. Journal of Hazardous Material 165 (2009) 1029-1039.

Liu, Q.S.; Zheng, T.; Li, N.; Wang, P.; Abulikemu, G. Modification of bamboo based activated carbon using microwave radiation and its effects on the adsorption of methylene blue. Applied Surface Science 256 (2010) 348-359.

Benadjemi, M.; Milliere, L.; Reinert, L.; Benderdouche, N.; Duclaux, L. Preparation, characterization and methylene blue adsorption of phosphoric acid activated carbons from globe artichoke leaves. Fuel Process Technology 92 (2011) 1203–1212.

Sych, N.V.; Tsyba, S.I.; Poddubnaya, O.I.; Tsyba, M.M.; Sapsay, V.I.; Klymchuk, D.O.; Puziy, A.M. Porous structure and surface chemistry of phosphoric acid activated carbon from corncob. Applied Surface Science 261 (2012) 75–82.

Lin, L.; Z., S.-R.; Xiao, Z.-Y.; Song, Y.; An, Q.-D.; Song, X.-W. Dye adsorption of mesoporous activated carbons produced from NaOH-pretreated rice husks. Bioresource Technology 136 (2013) 437-443.

Kurniawan, A.; Ismadji, S. Potential utilization of Jatrophacurcas L. press-cake residue as new precursor for activated carbon preparation: application in methylene blue removal from aqueous solution. Journal of Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineering 42 (2011) 826-836.

Yang, J.; Qiu, K. Preparation of activated carbons from walnut shells via vacuum chemical activation and their application for methylene blue removal. Chemical Engineering Journal 165 (2010) 209-219.

Senthilkumaar, S.; V aradarajan, P.R.; Porkodi, K.; Subbhuraam, C.V. Adsorption of methylene blue onto jute fiber carbon: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 284 (2005) 464-471.

Gerçel, Ö.; Ö., A.; Özcan, A.S.; Gerçel, H.F. Preparation of activated carbon from a renewable bio-plant of Euphorbia rigida by H2SO4 activation and its adsorption behavior in aqueous solutions. Applied Surface Science 253 (2010) 126-137.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright UMMB © 2020 University M'hamed Bougara - Boumerdes. Independance AV., Boumerdes, 35000 Algeria, Tel/Fax: +213 24 91 14 98/ +213 2491-29-51