Analyse Environnementale du Cycle de Vie de la Production Industrielle d’un Antibiotique.

F. Naitali, H. Ghoualem


Abstract: Drug residues of various therapeutic classes have been found in wastewater, surface water and in treatment plants on all continents.

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of drug substances is essential to better monitor the consequences of their production, use and rejection.

LCA in the industrial production of drugs aims to protect the environment and in particular to improve the cost of technologies for treating industrial or urban wastewater. Life cycle assessment is based on the quantitative assessment of the environmental impact of a product or process by considering all stages of their life cycle.

It allows the identification of the points on which a product can be improved and it contributes to the development of new products.

The objective of this study is to assess the main sources of impact of the industrial production of an antibiotic, spiramycin.

The results showed that the process studied has impacts on the environment. The results also show that it is necessary to minimize the effluents and recover solid waste from the process studied.

Résumé : Des résidus médicamenteux de diverses classes thérapeutiques ont été trouvés dans les eaux usées, les eaux superficielles et dans les stations d’épuration sur tous les continents.

L’analyse du cycle de vie (ACV) des substances médicamenteuses est indispensable pour mieux suivre les conséquences de leur production, de leur utilisation et de leur rejet.

Les ACV de la production industrielle de médicaments visent la protection de l’environnement et en particulier l’amélioration du coût des technologies de traitement des eaux résiduaires industrielles ou urbaines. L’analyse du cycle de vie est basée sur l’évaluation quantitative de l’impact environnemental d’un produit ou d’un procédé en considérant toutes les étapes de leur cycle de vie.

Elle permet l’identification des points sur lesquels un produit peut être amélioré et elle contribue au développement de nouveaux produits.

L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer les sources principales d’impacts de la production industrielle d’un antibiotique, la spiramycine.

Les résultats ont montrés que le procédé étudié a des impacts sur l’environnement. Les résultats montrent aussi qu’il faut minimiser les effluents et valoriser les déchets solides de procédé étudié.

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